Tag Archives: report

Sexual Violence – against men & boys in Conflict Situations (Report from UN Workshop)

Catching up on all the things the profs send for posting – my colleague Sean Rehaag sent this UN Workshop Report from  December 2013 via the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict) to me some weeks ago, sorry for the delay.  Looks very interesting. 

Much important academic work has been done both to deconstruct gender stereotypes and biological essentialisms, and to theorize women’s rights. In the fields of international activism, policy and practice on conflict-related sexual violence, however, the discussion about gender has been blurred with and frequently subsumed into a necessary struggle for women’s rights in the face of historical indifference to the widespread  subordination of women. Notwithstanding the importance of this struggle, the resultant discursive and policy  focus on sexual and gender based violence as a women’s rights issue has become, from a policy and  humanitarian perspective, a serious obstacle to prevention of and response to conflict related sexual and  gender-based violence against men and boys, as practitioners lack both awareness of the issues, and the  appropriate experience and skills with which to respond to male survivors.  The predominance of this paradigm is evident in the fact that in most people’s minds, whether in rural villages  in eastern DRC or in the corridors of power in key donor states, the field of ‘gender’, and the sub-field within  that of SGBV, is understood to be about women. SGBV scenarios are populated by male perpetrators and  female victims. pp8-9

Full report here.  Includes Key resources starting at p 22.  Slides from the July 2013 workshop, here.

Exec Summary here.

World Bank Report: Women, Business and the Law: Removing Barriers to Economic Inclusion

Women-Business-and-the-Law-2012.pdf (application/pdf Object).

Interesting report from the World Bank using empirical measures to ask what governments are doing in terms of “removing barriers to economic inclusion”.

Measuring how regulations and institutions differentiate between women and men in ways that may affect women’s incentives or capacity to work or to set up and run a business provides a basis for improving regulation. Women,
Business and the Law objectively measures such legal differentiations on the basis of gender in 141 economies around the world, covering six areas: accessing institutions, using property, getting a job, providing incentives to work, building credit, and going to court. Within these six areas, we examined 21 legal differentiations for unmarried women and 24 legal differentiations for married women for a total of 45 gender differences, covering aspects such as being able to get a job, sign a contract, register a business, open a bank account, own property, work at night or in all industries, and retire at the same age as men. This is a simplified measure of legal differentiation that does not capture the full extent of the gender gap, nor does it indicate the relative importance of each aspect covered, but does provide a basic understanding of the prevalence of gender based legal differences in each economy

 

h/t Osgoode PhD student Shanthi Senthe for the link and suggestion!

Report: Women’s Experience of Income Management in the Northern Territory

This quite interesting  report interviews women from Australia’s Northern Territory about “Income Management” or ‘income quarantining’ since the NTER (Northern Territory Emergency Response). Here is a very short undated excerpt from an Australian government site explaining the quarantining (if you click the link you will find more claims about the rationale, etc):

Income management has been a critical aspect of the response, designed to establish a safe and healthy environment for children. By redirecting 50 per cent of a person’s payments to housing, utilities and food, the amount of excess cash flow, which can often fuel abusive behavior such as substance and alcohol abuse, is reduced.

Half of all income-support and family-assistance payments are income managed so that the money can be directed towards food, school nutrition, rent and other priority items. One hundred per cent of advance payments, lump sum payments, Baby Bonus installments and payments under the Government’s stimulus packages are income managed.

Funds that are income managed cannot be used to purchase excluded goods such as alcohol, tobacco, pornography or gambling products. These provisions affect all people (Indigenous and non-Indigenous) who live in prescribed areas of the Northern Territory and who receive welfare payments.

Hmm.  Protection for children, excess money leads to abuse – they are hitting some high points there. Income managed funds are funneled through a cash card called a BasicsCard that can only be used in certain stores – the Government says, stores which sell priority items, although the women in the study seem to agree that many places selling priority items (food, clothing) are excluded.

The report is a mix of qualitative and quantitative work, written by the Equality Rights Alliance, comprised of more than 50 women’s rights organizations.  It describes women’s actual experiences with quarantining, setting the stage for further research, and policy reform (although the report explicitly stays away from calling for specific reforms).  It is, let us say, not very positive about quarantining.  There are really interesting questions raised about who exactly is the beneficiary of these new rules and about the ability of bureaucracies to implement this kind of program in a way which secures the intended benefits without causing other harm.

Connections

When Sarah Keenan was here, she spoke about some aspects of the NTER, so this Report may be of interest to those who heard her speak.

The Report also shares a methodology with reports like my colleague Janet Mosher’s 2004 report, Walking on Eggshells:  Abused women’s experiences of Ontario’s Welfare System.

Life After Tenure (in the US, anyway)

A small group of faculty, disproportionately women and scholars of color, are less satisfied.

The ABA has released a report entitled  After Tenure: Post-Tenure Law Professors in the United States (ABA, 2011).

This is such a richly interesting report, so much data. Can I recommend the sections on (surprise!) race and gender? I offer some tidbits almost useless out of context, merely to entice you along to the report.  Definitely worth thinking about. Some parts of it made me think i need to go back to Nancy Levit’s Keeping Feminism in Its Place: Sex Segregation and the Domestication of Female Academics, 49 U. KAN. L. REV. 775 (2001)(Feminist Theory symposium), though haven’t yet made sure that I’m remembering the right thing.
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Some differences also appeared in terms of the types of committees on which white professors and professors of color typically served. White professors were more likely than minority professors to serve on committees involving advice
to the dean, curriculum development, law school program development, and university-wide committees. There were no significant differences between the number of white and minority professors involved with appointments and speaker series committees. Interestingly, similar numbers of tenured white and minority professors felt that they had opportunities to serve on important committees. We will be able to cast better light on the significance of these kinds of quantitative results using qualitative data from the second phase of the study.

A marked difference in accounts of interaction with students was found between tenured women and men. About 58% of  tenured women report that students “often” turn to them for advice or emotional support whereas only 39% of tenured men report this.* There is much more similarity between the numbers of tenured women (59%) and men (56%) who are formally involved with students at the institutional level (as indicated by their participation in student issues committees).

 

In the AT study, tenured men were more likely to be married than were tenured women. Tenured women are more likely than men to be divorced or widowed, or never to have been married. After Tenure: Post-Tenure Law Professors in the U.S. 54 More than 65% of our sample reported that they currently care for children. Similar numbers of tenured men and women reported that they have spent a considerable amount of time caring for children. However, a greater number of tenured women than men in the sample indicated that they spend a considerable amount of time caring for an ailing or special needs adult.